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滚珠丝杠副的选材通常有什么要求?

来源:http://www.jngongrun.com/ 日期:2021-07-19 发布人:admin

随着自动化机床和新型刀具材料的出现,机床的切削速度不断得到提高,有些机床还需要在一些比较特殊的环境下工作,如高温、高湿等,那么在特殊条件下服役,对丝杠本身的材质要求和热处理提出了更高的要求。

With the emergence of automatic machine tools and new tool materials, the cutting speed of machine tools has been continuously improved. Some machine tools still need to work in some special environment, such as high temperature, high humidity, etc., so the service under special conditions puts forward higher requirements for the material requirements and thermal treatment of the lead screw itself.
滚珠丝杠的应用是机床产品现代化的一个趋势,不仅仅数控机床,而且在普通机床上也逐渐推广采用。数控机床上使用的滚珠丝杠对精度要求较高,通常我们建议采用C5及以上精度的丝杠,普通机床C7精度也可满足。
The application of ball screw is a trend of the modernization of machine tools, not only CNC machine tools, but also in ordinary machine tools. The precision of ball screw used in CNC machine tools is very high. Generally, we suggest to use C5 and above precision ball screw, and C7 precision of ordinary machine tools can also meet the requirements.
滚珠丝杠的优势在于它具有传动效率高(为滑动丝杠的2~4倍。),寿命长(为梯形螺纹淳硬丝杠的5~10倍),进给均匀平稳,低速时无爬行,定位准确和重复精度高等一系列优点。
The advantage of ball screw is that it has high transmission efficiency (2-4 times of sliding screw), Long service life (5-10 times of trapezoidal screw), uniform and stable feed, no crawling at low speed, accurate positioning and high repetition accuracy.
那么,滚珠丝杠的材质要求通常有哪些呢?
So, what are the material requirements of ball screw?
滚珠丝杠选材的一般要求
General requirements for material selection of ball screw
我们知道,获得要求的精度,并且长期保持精度不变是滚珠丝杠工艺工作的根本出发点。所以正确选用材料,并施以适当的热处理,可使丝杠具有足够的耐磨性和稳定性。滚珠丝杠的工作表面还需要零受接触应力,故其材料应能保证获得HRC58~62的高硬度,以防止由于表面硬度降低而导致承载能力下降。目前,我们广泛采用的材质为Gcr15轴承钢,是业内普遍认为的适合制作滚珠丝杠的材质。
We know that to obtain the required accuracy and keep the accuracy unchanged for a long time is the fundamental starting point of ball screw process work. Therefore, proper selection of materials and proper heat treatment can make the lead screw have enough wear resistance and stability. The working surface of ball screw also needs zero contact stress, so its material should be able to obtain high hardness of HRC58-62, so as to prevent the bearing capacity from decreasing due to the decrease of surface hardness. At present, our widely used material is GCr15 bearing steel, which is generally considered to be suitable for making ball screw in the industry.

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